Scientists have investigated bacteria that somehow survive in one of the world’s most uninhabitable places; Bacteria from a hot, toxic, acidic lake in a volcanic crater in Costa Rica are likely to survive on Mars as well.
Not so long ago, NASA’s rover discovered ‘Organic Molecules’ on Mars and asked if there could be any remnants of life we explained. In short, for informational purposes only; It’s worth noting that one of the most important missions of the Perseverance rover on Mars is to collect information about the remains of life. Naturally, when the word organic is mentioned, the remnants of living life do not come to mind. But that’s not exactly the case, NASA said.
There are both biological and non-biological mechanisms that create organic molecules, NASA said, and the discovery should not be considered a finding of life’s remains. The rover also examined the structure of the crater, revealing that this area, formerly a lake bed, was formed by lava flows. Now there is speculation about the possibility of harmful bacteria living on Mars in the hydrothermal crater lake of the Costa Rica volcano Poas.
Harmful bacteria found in the crater lake of Costa Rica volcano Poas
Justin Wang, an astrobiologist at the University of Colorado Boulder, explained: “It’s a lake that’s not the first time we’ve been able to find a way to make it to the lake. “One of our key findings is that we have detected only a few types of microorganisms in this volcanic lake, but they need to use numerous potential ways to survive. In fact, we think they did it by surviving on the edge of the lake when the explosions occurred. It uses the effects of having a relatively large gene sequence of bacteria.” and finished his explanation.
The lake, Laguna Caliente, is literally known as the ‘hot lake’ and is located in the crater of the active Poas Volcano in Costa Rica. The lake is one of the most acidic lakes in the world, with a layer of liquid sulfur usually forming local acidic rains and mists. The lake’s water is also full of toxic metals, making it a very dangerous environment for living things.
In the following years, there were several eruptions in this lake, and the team began actively continuing their work in 2017 to see if there was a change in microbial diversity and to examine the biochemical processes of organisms more thoroughly. This latest study shows that biodiversity is slightly greater, but acidophilus bacteria are still more dominant. And there are leaks that these bacteria could live on Mars as well. Of course, it is very likely that detailed explanations will come about the bacteria mentioned in the future.